Pronunciation: (ab-sôrb', -zôrb'),[key] —v.t. 1. to suck up or drink in (a liquid); soak up: A sponge absorbs water. 2. to swallow up the identity or individuality of; incorporate: The empire absorbed many small nations. 3. to involve the full attention of; to engross or engage wholly: so absorbed in a book that he did not hear the bell. 4. to occupy or fill: This job absorbs all of my time. 5. to take up or receive by chemical or molecular action: Carbonic acid is formed when water absorbs carbon dioxide. 6. to take in without echo, recoil, or reflection: to absorb sound and light; to absorb shock. 7. to take in and utilize: The market absorbed all the computers we could build.Can your brain absorb all this information? 8. to pay for (costs, taxes, etc.): The company will absorb all the research costs. 9. Archaic.to swallow up.