Pronunciation: (u-koun'ting),[key] —n. 1. the theory and system of setting up, maintaining, and auditing the books of a firm; art of analyzing the financial position and operating results of a business house from a study of its sales, purchases, overhead, etc. (distinguished from bookkeeping).
2. a detailed report of the financial state or transactions of a person or entity: an accounting of the estate. 3. the rendering or submission of such a report.