Pronunciation: (fak'ul-tē),[key] —n., —pl.-ties. 1. an ability, natural or acquired, for a particular kind of action: a faculty for making friends easily. 2. one of the powers of the mind, as memory, reason, or speech: Though very sick, he is in full possession of all his faculties. 3. an inherent capability of the body: the faculties of sight and hearing. 4. exceptional ability or aptitude: a president with a faculty for management. 5. Educ. a. the entire teaching and administrative force of a university, college, or school.
b. one of the departments of learning, as theology, medicine, or law, in a university.
c. the teaching body, sometimes with the students, in any of these departments.
6. the members of a learned profession: the medical faculty. 7. a power or privilege conferred by the state, a superior, etc.: The police were given the faculty to search the building. 8. Eccles.a dispensation, license, or authorization.