Pronunciation: (hoist or, sometimes, hīst),[key] —v.t. 1. to raise or lift, esp. by some mechanical appliance: to hoist a flag; to hoist the mainsail. 2. to raise to one's lips and drink; drink (esp. beer or whiskey) with gusto: Let's go hoist a few beers. 3. Archaic.a pt. and pp. of hoise. 4. hoist with or by one's own petard. See petard (def. 4).
—n. 1. an apparatus for hoisting, as a block and tackle, a derrick, or a crane.
2. act of hoisting; a lift: Give that sofa a hoist at your end. 3. Naut. a. the vertical dimension amidships of any square sail that is hoisted with a yard. Cf. drop (def. 28).
b. the distance between the hoisted and the lowered position of such a yard.
c. the dimension of a fore-and-aft sail along the luff.
d. a number of flags raised together as a signal.
4. (on a flag)
a. the vertical dimension as flown from a vertical staff.
b. the edge running next to the staff. Cf. fly (def. 36b).