Pronunciation: (in-kum'bunt),[key] —adj. 1. holding an indicated position, role, office, etc., currently: the incumbent officers of the club. 2. obligatory (often fol. by on or upon): a duty incumbent upon me. 3. Archaic.resting, lying, leaning, or pressing on something: incumbent upon the cool grass.
—n. 1. the holder of an office: The incumbent was challenged by a fusion candidate. 2. Brit.a person who holds an ecclesiastical benefice.