Pronunciation: (nēr),[key] —adv.,-er, -est, —adj.,-er, -est, —prep., v.
—adv. 1. close; to a point or place not far away: Come near so I won't have to shout. 2. at, within, or to a short distance.
3. close in time: The New Year draws near. 4. close in relation; closely with respect to connection, similarity, intimacy, etc. (often used in combination): a near-standing position. 5. all but; almost; nearly: a period of near 30 years. 6. Naut.close to the wind.
7. Archaic.in a thrifty or stingy manner.
—adj. 1. being close by; not distant: the near fields. 2. being the lesser in distance: the near side. 3. short or direct: the near road. 4. close in time: the near future. 5. closely related or connected: our nearest relatives. 6. close to an original: a near translation. 7. closely affecting one's interests or feelings: a matter of near consequence to one. 8. intimate or familiar: a near friend. 9. narrow or close: a near escape. 10. thrifty or stingy: near with one's pocketbook. 11. (of two draft animals hitched together) being on the driver's left (as opposed to off): The near horse is going lame. 12. near at hand, a. in the immediate vicinity: There is a shopping area near at hand. b. in the near future; soon: The departure is near at hand.
—prep. 1. at, to, or within a short distance, or no great distance, from or of: regions near the equator. 2. close to in time: near the beginning of the year. 3. close to a condition or state: He is near death.
—v.t., v.i. to come or draw near; approach: The boat neared the dock. Storm clouds neared.