Pronunciation: (nē"ō-rē'u-liz"um),[key] —n. 1. (sometimes cap.) any of various movements in literature, art, etc., that are considered as a return to a more realistic style.
2. a philosophy developed chiefly by 20th-century American philosophers, including Montague and Santayana, characterized by a presentationist epistemology and by the assertion of the real status of universals.
3. Motion Pictures.a style of filming prominent in Italy after World War II, characterized by a concern for social issues and often shot on location with untrained actors. Also called New Realism(for defs. 1, 2).