Pronunciation: (fil'u-pēnz", fil"u-pēnz'),[key] —n.(used with a pl. v.) an archipelago of 7083 islands in the Pacific, SE of China: formerly (1898–1946) under the guardianship of the U.S.; now an independent republic. 48,098,460; 114,830 sq. mi. (297,410 sq. km). Cap.: Manila. Also called Phil'ippine Is'lands. Formerly (1935–46), Commonwealth of the Philippines. Official name, Republic of the Philippines.