—v.t. 1. to destroy the smoothness or evenness of: The wind ruffled the sand. 2. to erect (the feathers), as a bird in anger.
3. to disturb, vex, or irritate: to be ruffled by a perceived slight. 4. to turn (the pages of a book) rapidly.
5. to pass (cards) through the fingers rapidly in shuffling.
6. to draw up (cloth, lace, etc.) into a ruffle by gathering along one edge.
—v.i. 1. to be or become ruffled; undulate; flutter: Flags ruffle in the wind. 2. to be or become vexed or irritated.
3. to put on airs; swagger.
—n. 1. a break in the smoothness or evenness of some surface; undulation.
2. a strip of cloth, lace, etc., drawn up by gathering along one edge and used as a trimming on a dress, blouse, etc.
3. some object resembling this, as the ruff of a bird.
4. disturbance or vexation; annoyance; irritation: It is impossible to live without some daily ruffles to our composure. 5. a disturbed state of mind; perturbation.