Pronunciation: (shaft, shäft),[key] —n. 1. a long pole forming the body of various weapons, as lances, halberds, or arrows.
2. something directed or barbed as in sharp attack: shafts of sarcasm. 3. a ray or beam: a shaft of sunlight. 4. a long, comparatively straight handle serving as an important or balancing part of an implement or device, as of a hammer, ax, golf club, or other implement.
5. Mach.a rotating or oscillating round, straight bar for transmitting motion and torque, usually supported on bearings and carrying gears, wheels, or the like, as a propeller shaft on a ship, or a drive shaft of an engine.
6. a flagpole.
7. Archit. a. that part of a column or pier between the base and capital. See diag. under column. b. any distinct, slender, vertical masonry feature engaged in a wall or pier and usually supporting or feigning to support an arch or vault.
8. a monument in the form of a column, obelisk, or the like.
9. either of the parallel bars of wood between which the animal drawing a vehicle is hitched.
10. any well-like passage or vertical enclosed space, as in a building: an elevator shaft. 11. Mining.a vertical or sloping passageway leading to the surface.
12. Bot.the trunk of a tree.
13. Zool.the main stem or midrib of a feather.
14. Also called leaf.Textiles.the harness or warp with reference to the pattern of interlacing threads in weave constructions (usually used in combination): an eight-shaft satin. 15. the part of a candelabrum that supports the branches.
—v.t. 1. to push or propel with a pole: to shaft a boat through a tunnel. 2. Informal.to treat in a harsh, unfair, or treacherous manner.