—v.t. 1. to divide or separate from end to end or into layers: to split a log in two. 2. to separate by cutting, chopping, etc., usually lengthwise: to split a piece from a block. 3. to tear or break apart; rend or burst: The wind split the sail. 4. to divide into distinct parts or portions (often fol. by up): We split up our rations. 5. to separate (a part) by such division.
6. to divide (persons) into different groups, factions, parties, etc., as by discord: to split a political party. 7. to separate (a group, family, etc.) by such division.
8. to cast (a ballot or vote) for candidates of more than one political party.
9. to divide between two or more persons, groups, etc.; share: We split a bottle of wine. 10. to separate into parts by interposing something: to split an infinitive. 11. Physics,Chem.to divide (molecules or atoms) by cleavage into smaller parts.
12. to issue additional shares of (stock) without charge to existing stockholders, thereby dividing their interest into a larger number of shares and reducing the price per share.
13. Slang.leave; depart from: Let's split this scene.
—v.i. 1. to divide, break, or part lengthwise: The board split in half. 2. to part, divide, or separate in any way (often fol. by up): The group of children split up into two teams. We'll split up here and meet later. 3. to break asunder, as a ship by striking on a rock.
4. to become separated, as a piece or part from a whole.
5. to part or separate, as through disagreement; sever relations: They split up after a year of marriage. He split with the company after a policy dispute. 6. to divide or share something with another or others; apportion.
7. Slang.to leave; depart.
8. split hairs. See hair (def. 11).
9. split the difference. See difference (def. 11).
—n. 1. the act of splitting.
2. a crack, tear, or fissure caused by splitting.
3. a piece or part separated by or as by splitting.
4. a breach or rupture, as between persons, in a party or organization, etc.
5. a faction, party, etc., formed by a rupture or schism.
6. an ice-cream dish made from sliced fruit, usually a banana, and ice cream, and covered with syrup and nuts.
7. Also called, esp. Brit.,nip. a bottle for wine or, sometimes, another beverage, containing from 6 to 6½ oz. (170 to 184 g).
8. a bottle, as of soda, liquor, etc., which is half the usual size.
9. a strip split from an osier, used in basketmaking.
10. Masonry.a brick of normal length and breadth but of half normal thickness, used to give level support to a course of bricks laid over one not level.
11. Often, splits. the feat of separating the legs while sinking to the floor, until they extend at right angles to the body, as in stage performances or gymnastics.
12. Bowling.an arrangement of the pins remaining after the first bowl in two separated groups, so that a spare is difficult.
13. Philately.bisect (def. 5).
14. one of the layers of leather into which a skin is cut.
15. the act of splitting a stock.
—adj. 1. that has undergone splitting; parted lengthwise; cleft.
2. disunited; divided: a split opinion. 3. (of a stock quotation) given in sixteenths instead of eighths of a point.
4. (of a stock) having undergone a split.
Pronunciation: (split),[key] —n. a seaport in S Croatia, on the Adriatic: Roman ruins. 180,571. Italian, Spalato.