—v.i. 1. (of a person) to be in an upright position on the feet.
2. to rise to one's feet (often fol. by up).
3. to have a specified height when in this position: a basketball player who stands six feet seven inches. 4. to stop or remain motionless or steady on the feet.
5. to take a position or place as indicated: to stand aside. 6. to remain firm or steadfast, as in a cause.
7. to take up or maintain a position or attitude with respect to a person, issue, or the like: to stand as sponsor for a person. 8. to have or adopt a certain policy, course, or attitude, as of adherence, support, opposition, or resistance: He stands for free trade. 9. (of things) to be in an upright or vertical position, be set on end, or rest on or as on a support.
10. to be set, placed, fixed, located, or situated: The building stands at 34th Street and 5th Avenue. 11. (of an account, score, etc.) to show, be, or remain as indicated; show the specified position of the parties concerned: The score stood 18 to 14 at the half. 12. to remain erect or whole; resist change, decay, or destruction (often fol. by up): The ruins still stand. The old building stood up well. 13. to continue in force or remain valid: The agreement stands as signed. 14. to remain still, stationary, or unused: The bicycle stood in the basement all winter. 15. to be or become stagnant, as water.
16. (of persons or things) to be or remain in a specified state, condition, relation, relative position, etc.: He stood in jeopardy of losing his license. 17. to have the possibility or likelihood: He stands to gain a sizable profit through the sale of the house. 18. Chiefly Brit.to become or be a candidate, as for public office (usually fol. by for).
19. Naut. a. to take or hold a particular course at sea.
b. to move in a certain direction: to stand offshore. 20. (of a male domestic animal, esp. a stud) to be available as a sire, usually for a fee: Three Derby winners are now standing in Kentucky.
—v.t. 1. to cause to stand; set upright; set: Stand the chair by the lamp. 2. to face or encounter: to stand an assault. 3. to undergo or submit to: to stand trial. 4. to endure or undergo without harm or damage or without giving way: His eyes are strong enough to stand the glare. 5. to endure or tolerate: She can't stand her father. 6. to treat or pay for: I'll stand you to a drink when the manuscript is in. 7. to perform the duty of or participate in as part of one's job or duty: to stand watch aboard ship. 8. stand a chance or show, to have a chance or possibility, esp. of winning or surviving: He's a good shortstop but doesn't stand a chance of making the major leagues because he can't hit. 9. stand by, a. to uphold; support: She stood by him whenever he was in trouble. b. to adhere to (an agreement, promise, etc.); affirm: She stood by her decision despite her sister's arguments. c. to stand ready; wait: Please stand by while I fix this antenna. d. to get ready to speak, act, etc., as at the beginning of a radio or television program.
e. to be ready to board a plane, train, or other transport if accommodations become available at the last minute.
10. stand down, a. Law.to leave the witness stand.
b. to step aside; withdraw, as from a competition: I agreed to stand down so that she could run for the nomination unopposed. c. to leave or take out of active work or service: to stand down some of the ships in the fleet. 11. stand for, a. to represent; symbolize: P.S. stands for “postscript.” b. to advocate; favor: He stands for both freedom and justice. c. Informal.to tolerate; allow: I won't stand for any nonsense! 12. stand in with, a. to be in association or conspiracy with.
b. to enjoy the favor of; be on friendly terms with.
13. stand off, a. to keep or stay at a distance.
b. to put off; evade.
14. stand on, a. to depend on; rest on: The case stands on his testimony. b. to be particular about; demand: to stand on ceremony. c. Naut.to maintain a course and speed.
15. stand out, a. to project; protrude: The piers stand out from the harbor wall. b. to be conspicuous or prominent: She stands out in a crowd. c. to persist in opposition or resistance; be inflexible.
d. Naut.to maintain a course away from shore.
16. stand over, a. to supervise very closely; watch constantly: He won't work unless someone stands over him. b. to put aside temporarily; postpone: to let a project stand over until the following year. 17. stand pat. See pat2 (def. 6).
18. stand to, a. to continue to hold; persist in: to stand to one's statement. b. to keep at steadily: Stand to your rowing, men! c. to wait in readiness; stand by: Stand to for action. 19. stand to reason. See reason (def. 11).
20. stand up, a. to come to or remain in a standing position: to stand up when being introduced. b. to remain strong, convincing, or durable: The case will never stand up in court. Wool stands up better than silk. c. Slang.to fail to keep an appointment with (someone, esp. a sweetheart or date): I waited for Kim for an hour before I realized I'd been stood up. 21. stand up for, a. to defend the cause of; support: No one could understand why he stood up for an incorrigible criminal. b. to serve a bridegroom or bride, as best man or maid (matron) of honor.
22. stand up to, to meet or deal with fearlessly; confront: to stand up to a bully.
—n. 1. the act of standing; an assuming of or a remaining in an upright position.
2. a cessation of motion; halt or stop.
3. a determined effort for or against something, esp. a final defensive effort: Custer's last stand. 4. a determined policy, position, attitude, etc., taken or maintained: We must take a stand on political issues. 5. the place in which a person or thing stands; station.
6. See witness stand. 7. a raised platform, as for a speaker, a band, or the like.
8. stands,a raised section of seats for spectators; grandstand.
9. a framework on or in which articles are placed for support, exhibition, etc.: a hat stand. 10. a piece of furniture of various forms, on or in which to put articles (often used in combination): a nightstand; a washstand. 11. a small, light table.
12. a stall, booth, counter, or the like, where articles are displayed for sale or where some business is carried on: a fruit stand. 13. newsstand: The papers usually hit the stands at 5 a.m.
14. a site or location for business: After 20 years the ice-cream vendor was still at the same stand. 15. a place or station occupied by vehicles available for hire: a taxicab stand. 16. the vehicles occupying such a place.
17. the growing trees, or those of a particular species or grade, in a given area.
18. a standing growth, as of grass, wheat, etc.
19. a halt of a theatrical company on tour, to give a performance or performances: a series of one-night stands on the strawhat trail. 20. the town at which a touring theatrical company gives a performance.
21. hive (def. 2).
22. Metalworking.a rolling unit in a rolling mill.
23. Chiefly Brit.a complete set of arms or accoutrements for one soldier.
24. take the stand, to testify in a courtroom.