Pronunciation: (stok),[key] —n. 1. a supply of goods kept on hand for sale to customers by a merchant, distributor, manufacturer, etc.; inventory.
2. a quantity of something accumulated, as for future use: a stock of provisions. 3. livestock.
4. Theat.a stock company: a job in summer stock. 5. Finance. a. the outstanding capital of a company or corporation.
b. the shares of a particular company or corporation.
c. the certificate of ownership of such stock; stock certificate.
d. (formerly) a tally or stick used in transactions between a debtor and a creditor.
6. Hort. a. Also called understock. in grafting, a stem in which the bud or scion is inserted.
b. a stem, tree, or plant that furnishes slips or cuttings; stock plant.
7. the trunk or main stem of a tree or other plant, as distinguished from roots and branches.
8. the type from which a group of animals or plants has been derived.
9. a race or other related group of animals or plants.
10. the person from whom a given line of descent is derived; the original progenitor.
11. a line of descent; a tribe, race, or ethnic group.
12. Ling.a category consisting of language families that, because of resemblances in grammatical structure and vocabulary, are considered likely to be related by common origin. Cf. family (def. 14), phylum (def. 2).
13. any grouping of related languages.
14. the handle of a whip, fishing rod, etc.
15. Firearms. a. the wooden or metal piece to which the barrel and mechanism of a rifle are attached.
b. a part of an automatic weapon, as a machine gun, similar in position or function.
16. the trunk or stump of a tree, left standing.
17. a dull or stupid person.
18. something lifeless or senseless.
19. the main upright part of anything, esp. a supporting structure.
20. stocks, a. a former instrument of punishment consisting of a framework with holes for securing the ankles and, sometimes, the wrists, used to expose an offender to public derision. Cf. pillory (def. 1).
b. a frame in which a horse or other animal is secured in a standing position for shoeing or for a veterinary operation.
c. the frame on which a boat rests while under construction.
21. Naut. a. a vertical shaft forming part of a rudder and controlling the rudder's movement.
b. a transverse piece of wood or metal near the ring on some anchors. See diag. under anchor. 22. the metal or wooden body of a carpenter's plane.
23. Metall. a. material being smelted in a blast furnace.
b. a metal piece to be forged.
24. Printing. a. a specified quality or kind of paper: glossy stock; card stock; offset stock. b. the paper for printing a particular job: We don't have enough stock for that large a run. 25. the raw material from which something is made.
26. Papermaking.stuff (def. 15).
27. Cookery.the liquor or broth prepared by boiling meat, fish, chicken, etc., with or without vegetables or seasonings, and used esp. as a foundation for soups and sauces.
28. any of several plants belonging to the genus Matthiola, of the mustard family, esp. M. incana, having fragrant white, blue, purple, reddish, or yellowish flowers.
29. a rhizome or rootstock.
30. Zool.a compound organism, as a colony of corals.
31. a collar or a neckcloth fitting like a band around the neck.
32. Cards.the portion of a pack of cards that, in certain games, is not dealt out to the players, but is left on the table, to be drawn from as occasion requires.
33. an adjustable wrench for holding dies for cutting screws.
34. Railroads.See rolling stock. 35. Dominoes.boneyard (def. 3).
36. Informal.See stock car (def. 1).
37. Rom. Cath. Ch.one of a set of three metal containers for holy oil.
38. Geol.,Mining.an irregular igneous intrusion, usually an offshoot of a batholith, often mineralized.
39. Archaic.a stocking.
40. Obs.the frame of a plow to which the share, handles, etc., are attached.
41. in stock, on hand for use or sale: There are no more blue skirts in stock. 42. lock, stock, and barrel. See lock1 (def. 12).
43. on the stocks, a. under construction, as esp. a ship.
b. in progress or preparation: a new novel on the stocks. 44. out of stock, lacking a supply of, esp. temporarily: We are out of stock in this item. 45. take or put stock in, to put confidence in or attach importance to; believe; trust: Considering his general unreliability, I can't take stock in what he has told you. 46. take stock, a. to make an inventory of stock on hand.
b. to make an appraisal of resources or prospects: She took stock of her decorating scheme and decided it was time for a change.
—adj. 1. kept regularly on hand, as for use or sale; staple; standard: stock articles. 2. having as one's job the care of a concern's goods: a stock clerk. 3. of the common or ordinary type; in common use: a stock argument. 4. banal; commonplace: a stock remark. 5. pertaining to or designating the breeding and raising of livestock: stock farming. 6. Southern U.S.(chiefly Southern Appalachian and South Atlantic States). (of farm animals) being a fully grown male: a stock hog. 7. of or pertaining to the stock of a company or corporation: a stock report. 8. Theat. a. pertaining to a stock company.
b. appearing together in a repertoire, as a company.
c. forming part of a repertoire, as a play.
d. being a character type fixed by convention, as in the commedia dell'-arte, a harlequinade, minstrel show, or the like.
9. Informal.of, pertaining to, or characteristic of a stock car.
—v.t. 1. to furnish with a stock or supply.
2. to furnish with stock, as a farm with horses, cattle, etc.
3. to lay up in store, as for future use.
4. to fasten to or provide with a stock, as a rifle, plow, bell, anchor, etc.
5. to put in the stocks as a punishment.
—v.i. to lay in a stock of something (often fol. by up).