Pronunciation: (trans-lā'shun, tranz-),[key] —n. 1. the rendering of something into another language or into one's own from another language.
2. a version of such a rendering: a new translation of Plato. 3. change or conversion to another form, appearance, etc.; transformation: a swift translation of thought into action. 4. the act or process of translating.
5. the state of being translated.
6. Mech.motion in which all particles of a body move with the same velocity along parallel paths.
7. Telegraphy.the retransmitting or forwarding of a message, as by relay.
8. Math. a. a function obtained from a given function by adding the same constant to each value of the variable of the given function and moving the graph of the function a constant distance to the right or left.
b. a transformation in which every point of a geometric figure is moved the same distance in the same direction.
9. Genetics.the process by which a messenger RNA molecule specifies the linear sequence of amino acids on a ribosome for protein synthesis. Cf. genetic code.